Obstetrics & Gynecology
Who is an obstetrician, and what is obstetrics?
Obstetrics mainly deals with taking care of women during pregnancy, their fetus, and also the duration after the childbirth. Their study includes unborn babies, labor pain, delivery, postpartum, i.e., the period following birth. Obstetricians aim to deliver the best care to the mother and child at the time of labor and delivery. They ensure that there are no complications for both.
During the time of pregnancy, many women face complications that require medical treatment. Some of them can be:
- Extra Uterine Pregnancy (ECTOPIC pregnancy) the condition where the embryo gets stuck in the fallopian tube.
- High-risk pregnancies like gestation, hypertension, etc
- Fetal distress
- Pregnancy screening to check medical conditions, blood pressure and infections
- Early pregnancy and its complications
- Foetus Screening for any difficulties or Infections
- Postpartum hemorrhage and its management
- Postpartum complication
An obstetrician is trained for these and many other problems that can occur during childbirth. They make sure that the mother and the baby are safely taken through all phases of pregnancy and childbirth. Whether it is a normal delivery or an emergency cesarean section, a maternity hospital is equipped to handle any variation. These variations occur naturally or sometimes are results of a complicated course of childbirth.
To be a woman means juggling many things like home, family, and various other things. In fulfilling her responsibilities, a woman tends to neglect her health. Obstetrics and gynecology is the field of medical science that came into existence for health issues throughout a woman’s life cycle, from pediatric to geriatric.
Who are gynecologists, and what is gynecology?
Gynecology is the medical field that deals with many women’s problems related to her reproductive organs such as the uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix, vagina, and ovaries. It is that medical field that is associated with the science of the reproductive system and involves the various phases of a woman’s life, i.e., adolescence, reproduction, menopause, and even beyond that. A gynecology hospital also treats health problems related to the bowel, bladder, and the urinary system.
Gynecologists are the doctors who specialize in gynecology. As mentioned above, their expertise is in female’s reproductive health while studying all the issues regarding a woman’s life cycle. Gynecology comprises of preventive care, which includes:
- Preventive care related to cervical cancer, Breast X-ray
- Adolescence problems
- Menstrual irregularities
- Peri-menopausal issues
- Post-menopausal issues
- Screening, detection, and treatment of tumor, cancer growth in women reproductive organs
Who is an OB-GYN?
An OB-GYN is a medical field doctor who has broad and specific knowledge and expertise in obstetrics and gynecology. OB-GYNs usually run gynecology hospitals, so that the gynecology and maternity treatment can be given under one roof. Due to their multiple courses in female’s wellness, they can provide all-round support and treatment.
OB-GYNs are trained surgeons who can perform various kind of operations which includes:
- Cesarean sections
- Instrumental deliveries during childbirth
- A hysterectomy
- Removing Cysts from Ovaries and Uterus
- Repairing pelvic organ injuries
- OB-GYNs can also perform basic routine women health checkup which includes
- Cervical cancer test i.e. Pap smears
- STI tests
- Fertility treatments like IVF
- Pelvic ultrasounds
- Pregnancy Monitoring
- Infertility treatments and counseling
- Management of urinary issues
- Treating joint problems, such as anemia
- Breast exams and breast health management
OB-GYNs can also look after patients with general health issues like fever, cold, cough, flu, etc. They can file prescriptions for common ailments, blood work, and thus referring to the specialist as per the problem they diagnosed.
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